Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indian J Sex Transm Dis
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Changing trends of sexually transmitted diseases at Kakinada

Department of STD, Rangaraya Medical College, Government General Hospital, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
T S Chandragupta
Department of STD, Govt. General Hospital, Kakinada - 533 001, AP
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.35703

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Trends of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) vary from place to place depending on various epidemiological factors prevailing in that respective geographic area. To understand the pattern and trends of STDs, a study was conducted at the STD Dept., Govt. General Hospital, Kakinada, for a period of 6 years, i.e., from Jan. 2000 to Dec. 2005, which was further divided into two spells of 3 years each to understand the behavior of STDs. During the entire study period, a total of 12,071 patients were enrolled. All the patients were thoroughly examined and investigated. On analysis, it was found that 5,004 patients attended in the 1 st spell and 7,067 in the 2 nd spell. Majority of them were male, married and in the third decade of their life. At the same time, the number of female patients attending STD clinic increased significantly in the 2 nd spell. All the diseases were broadly categorized into four groups, viz., bacterial, viral, protozoal, parasitic and fungal (PPF) and miscellaneous. The trend of STDs was changing from bacterial to viral diseases during the period of 6 years, with a definite decline of bacterial STDs. Among the viral diseases, HIV stood first in both the spells. In the PPF group, majority of the cases were contributed by fungal diseases. Unlike other studies, miscellaneous diseases included in this study dominated the picture and significantly influenced the percentage of incidence of individual diseases, which made it uncomparable with other studies. Similar continuous ongoing studies at every level are essential to understand the pattern and behavior of STDs, which may influence the already existing strategies and interventions for control of STDs.

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