Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indian J Sex Transm Dis
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-72

Measuring knowledge about HIV among youth: Baseline survey for urban slums of Vadodara

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Government Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
P V Kotecha
A2Z Project India, Academy for Educational Development, New Delhi - 110 022
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.48727

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Objectives: To assess the baseline knowledge and awareness among young men and women about HIV and its transmission in the Vadodara urban areas and to make a comparison between young men and women about the knowledge of HIV. Methodology: Thirty urban clusters (slums) were selected using the cluster sampling technique. Three hundred and fifty young men and 563 young women, in the age group of 15 - 24 years, were selected after taking consent. Results and Discussion: The family was the most common source of information for reproductive health information. About 72% of the men and 47% of the women had heard about HIV. Television, radio and newspapers (mass media) were the most common source of information, as suggested by young men and women. Responses for knowledge regarding mode of transmission were sexual acts followed by needle and blood transfusion. Sixty-four percent of the youth responded that it could be prevented. Three-fourth of the men and half the women thought HIV could be prevented. For preventing HIV, having a single partner, using condoms, avoiding commercial sexual workers, and blood checkups were the commonest methods mentioned both by men and women. Only 50% knew that HIV could be present in apparently healthy looking persons. Recommendations: It demands systematic education efforts with complete, correct, and comprehensive scientific information offered to them in an environment that is acceptable to them and conducive to their learning ability.

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