Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indian J Sex Transm Dis
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-42

Study of genital manifestations of Stevens Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

Department of Dermatology, MGM Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anirudha Gulanikar
Department of Dermatology, MGM Medical College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijstd.IJSTD_61_19

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Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TEN) are severe mucocutaneous reactions, considered as variants of same pathologic process. It is characterized by epidermal blisters, necrosis and sloughing predominantly of drug induced etiology. Due to severe cutaneous reactions, the genital manifestations associated with SJS/TEN are less studied. The chronic sequelae of genital manifestations results in severe gynecological, urological and sexual related complications, and have a great impact on the quality of life of patients. Aims And Objectives: To study the genital manifestations associated with SJS/TEN. Materials and Methods: Patients of SJS/TEN attending the Out-patient and In-patient Department of Skin and VD in a tertiary care hospital, having genital manifestations were included in the study. Genital examination of all patients were observed and recorded with a follow up for 6 months. Results: A total of 30 patients, twelve males (40%) and eighteen females (60%), were included. Genital manifestations were observed in 18 (60%) patients, with a male:female ratio of 1:2, i.e. males 6 (36.66%) and females 12 (63.33). All patients presented in the acute stage of the disease. Four female patients (33.3%) developed chronic manifestations in the form of labial synechiae in 2 (16.66%), vaginal synechiae in 1 (8.33%), vaginal strictures in 1 (8.33%) patient. None of the male patients developed chronic sequelae. Conclusion: SJS/TEN are rare diseases, but the mucocutaneous involvement, especially of genitourinary system and their long-term sequelae have a major impact on the quality of life of affected patients. The genital manifestations are largely preventable by means of proper awareness and early intervention.

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