Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indian J Sex Transm Dis
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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 66-68

Coexistence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and autoimmune hepatitis: A double trouble

1 Department of Internal Medicine, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Balakrishnan Arivalagan
Department of Internal Medicine, AFMC, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijstd.ijstd_73_22

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A wide spectrum of hepatobiliary manifestations occur in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected patients. Among the common causes are the infectious hepatitis, drug-related hepatitis, opportunistic infections, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, HIV cholangiopathy and neoplasm. Auto-immune hepatitis (AIH) is rarely reported in this setting. We present two different presentations of auto immune hepatitis in HIV positive patients. One developed jaundice and ascites as a consequence of liver decompensation and other exhibited cholestatic pattern. Their serology and liver biopsy confirmed autoimmune hepatitis as underlying aetiology. We would like to share the clinical improvement with simultaneous immunosuppressive therapy and combination Anti Retroviral Therapy (cART). There are no documented cases on this issue from the Indian subcontinent that we are aware of.

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