Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 138--143

Bone health in HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy: An Indian study


Shruti Bhise1, Ashish Jain2, Lalita Savardekar2, Naman S Shetty1, Ira Shah1 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric HIV Clinic, B J Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Clinical Research, Bone Health Clinic, ICMR National Institute of Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ira Shah
1/B Saguna, 271/B Street, Francis Road, Vile Parle (w), Mumbai - 400 056, Maharashtra
India

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the bone health in HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 31 HIV-infected children aged 5–18 years. Each patient underwent testing for serum calcium, phosphorous, alkaline phosphatase, and 25(OH) Vitamin D. Bone mineral density (BMD) was done using a DXA scanner. Patients' z scores for BMD of the lumbar spine and left femoral neck were noted. The factors associated with low BMD were analyzed. Results: Seven (22.6%) children had a low spinal BMD and 6 (19.4%) had low femoral neck BMD. Low serum calcium was seen in 6 (19.4%) patients and high alkaline phosphatase was seen in 15 (48.4%) patients. Low serum 25 (OH) Vitamin D levels were present in 30 (96.8%) patients, whereas all the patients had normal serum phosphorous. Duration of ART in those with low spinal BMD was 4.6 ± 3.4 years as compared to 6.4 ± 3.2 years in those with normal spinal BMD (P = 0.235) and for low left femoral neck BMD was 3.9 ± 2 years as compared to 6.5 ± 3.4 years for those with normal femoral neck BMD (P = 0.031). Mean 25(OH) Vitamin D levels were 8.4 ± 2.8 ng/ml in those with low femoral neck BMD as compared to 13.6 ± 8.3 ng/ml in those with normal femoral neck BMD (P = 0.015). Type of ART did not have any association with low BMD. Conclusion: Over 95% of HIV-infected children have low 25(OH) Vitamin D levels which affect the appendicular BMD. BMD is affected more in children who have been on ART for a shorter time. No particular ART regimen is associated with low BMD.


How to cite this article:
Bhise S, Jain A, Savardekar L, Shetty NS, Shah I. Bone health in HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy: An Indian study.Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2021;42:138-143


How to cite this URL:
Bhise S, Jain A, Savardekar L, Shetty NS, Shah I. Bone health in HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy: An Indian study. Indian J Sex Transm Dis [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jul 6 ];42:138-143
Available from: https://www.ijstd.org/article.asp?issn=2589-0557;year=2021;volume=42;issue=2;spage=138;epage=143;aulast=Bhise;type=0